Analysis and mapping of global scientific research on human monkeypox over the past 20 years

Yasser Bustanji, Katia H.Abu Shihab, Waseem El-Huneidi, Mohammad H. Semreen, Eman Abu-Gharbieh, Karem H. Alzoubi, Mohammad A.Y. Alqudah, Ahmad Y. Abuhelwa, Eman Y. Abu-Rish, Hana Bajes, Khaled Obaideen, Islam Hamad, Nelson C. Soares, Moez Al Islam E. Faris

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Background and Aim: Human monkeypox is an emerging global threat. Hundreds of publications were disseminated in the last few months. This study aimed to map, analyze, and evaluate the bibliometric indicators of the global monkeypox research output. Materials and Methods: All documents published in the past 20 years were retrieved using the Scopus database. Papers published in English and peer-reviewed journals were included. VOSviewer was used to create density and network visualization maps. Results: A total of 1725 published documents were retrieved. Of these, 53% were published in 2022. The average number of authors per document was 4.2. Authors from the USA were the most active and published about 42.1% of the total documents. International collaboration was evident between the USA and both UK and Congo. Keywords mapping identified the main research lines in this field that correlate monkeypox with public health, smallpox, vaccination, and antiviral treatment. Conclusion: This study analyzed and mapped the expanding field of monkeypox research across the world. The bibliometric analysis revealed that the United States has contributed greatly in terms of both individual researchers and academic institutions. There was less cooperation on a global scale than was anticipated. Fostering international cooperation is essential for countering this worldwide danger. Additional scientific research should be conducted to investigate the link between smallpox immunization and monkeypox epidemics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-703
Number of pages11
JournalVeterinary World
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • bibliometric study
  • coronavirus disease
  • epidemic
  • monkeypox
  • outbreak
  • smallpox
  • virus


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