Analytical and numerical groundwater flow solutions for the FEMME-modeling environment

Mustafa El-Rawy, Okke Batelaan, Kerst Buis, Christian Anibas, Getachew Mohammed, Wouter Zijl, Ali Salem

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7 Citations (Scopus)
65 Downloads (Pure)


Simple analytical and numerical solutions for confined and unconfined groundwater-surface water interaction in one and two dimensions were developed in the STRIVE package (stream river ecosystem) as part of FEMME (flexible environment for mathematically modelling the environment). Analytical and numerical solutions for interaction between one-dimensional confined and unconfined aquifers and rivers were used to study the effects of a 0.5 m sudden rise in the river water level for 24 h. Furthermore, a two-dimensional groundwater model for an unconfined aquifer was developed and coupled with a one-dimensional hydrodynamic model. This model was applied on a 1 km long reach of the Aa River, Belgium. Two different types of river water level conditions were tested. A MODFLOW model was set up for these different types of water level condition in order to compare the results with the models implemented in STRIVE. The results of the analytical solutions for confined and unconfined aquifers were in good agreement with the numerical results. The results of the two-dimensional groundwater model developed in STRIVE also showed that there is a good agreement with the MODFLOW solutions. It is concluded that the facilities of STRIVE can be used to improve the understanding of groundwater-surface water interaction and to couple the groundwater module with other modules developed for STRIVE. With these new models STRIVE proves to be a powerful example as a development and testing environment for integrated water modeling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number27
Number of pages18
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2020

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© 2020 by the authors.

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Analytical
  • Groundwater-surface water interaction
  • Numerical


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