CD30(Ki-1) positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a distinct entity, in which the monoclonal antibody-positivity against the CD30(Ki-1) antigen of tumour cells has a diagnostic value. The histological subtypes of ALCL show also certain clinical differences. Except for some pediatric cases and cutaneous forms clinical outcome is very unfavourable despite of the various treatment methods. In this prospective study (follow-up of 11-60, median 16 months) clinicopathological data and treatment results of fifteen adult patients with ALCL were analysed, Mean age was 46 (16-69) ys with a bimodal tendency and a distinct female: male ratio (3:2) was observed. Early clinical stages (I-II/A-B, eight patients) dominated, and two main groups could be distinguished histologically (Hodgkin-related, ALCL-HR and common type, -CT in eight and seven patients), respectively. In all histological specimens CD30 antigen expression was detected. Additional immunophenotyping was performed in five cases (two 0-variant, two of B-cell and one of T-cell origin), respectively. A bulky disease, mainly in the mediastinum was observed in six cases, and a primary gastrointestinal localization in two other patients. In the treatment of these high grade malignant lymphomas a combination of cobalt irradiation and aggressive chemotherapy was applied (in elder the CHOP-regimen, in younger patients mainly the Pro-MACE-Cyta-BOM-protocol). In one relapsed younger patient autologous bone marrow transplantation was also performed. A complete or partial remission was achieved in thirteen patients (86.6%) but six patients expired after only a short response period to therapy. Overall survival was 19, whilst disease-free survival revealed to be 15 months. Eight of their living nine patients have a durable complete remission. Due to residual mediastinal mass after radiotherapy in three cases a permanent radiological follow-up is needed. Advanced age and clinical stages are considered to be unfavourable, whilst histological subtypes were indifferent prognostic factors, as well. Favourable results in therapy and durable complete remission in younger patients are probably caused by the their better tolerance of third-line aggressive chemotherapy.
|Translated title of the contribution||Anaplastic large cell lymphoma based on our clinicopathological cases|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 1997|