Anatomy of the Scaphoid Bone and Ligaments

Anne Eva Bulstra, Job N. Doornberg, Geert Alexander Buijze, Gregory I. Bain

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The scaphoid has characteristic anatomic features: it articulates with five adjacent bones through a largely cartilaginous surface and features a complex network of ligamentous attachments. A substantial variety in both osseous and ligamentous scaphoid anatomy has been described in literature. Variations in scaphoid anatomy are known to result in distinct kinematic patterns, thus playing a pivotal role in carpal (in)stability. A thorough understanding and clear description of scaphoid anatomy is therefore of crucial importance.Classifying morphological scaphoid subtypes and their correlated kinematic patterns will allow these anatomic variations to be employed as a basis for the role of the scaphoid in carpal kinematics.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationScaphoid Fractures: Evidence-Based Management
Subtitle of host publicationEvidence-Based Management
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780323496056
ISBN (Print)9780323496056
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Anatomy
  • Articulations
  • Berger's classification
  • Flexing scaphoids
  • Kinematic patterns
  • Ligaments
  • Rotating scaphoids


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