Animal-Borne Telemetry: An Integral Component of the Ocean Observing Toolkit

Robert Harcourt, Ana Sequeira, Xuelei Zhang, Fabien Roquet, Kosei Komatsu, Michelle Heupel, Clive McMahon, Fred Whoriskey, Mark Meekan, Gemma Carroll, Stephanie Brodie, Colin Simpfendorfer, Mark Hindell, Ian Jonsen, Daniel P Costa, Barbara Block, Monica Muelbert, Bill Woodward, Mike Weise, Kim AarestrupMartin Biuw, Lars Boehme, Steven J Bograd, Dorian Cazau, Jean-Benoit Charrassin, Steven J Cooke, Paul Cowley, P J Nico de Bruyn, Tiphaine Jeanniard du Dot, Carlos Duarte, Víctor M Eguíluz, Luciana Ferreira, Juan Fernández-Gracia, Kimberly Goetz, Yusuke Goto, Christophe Guinet, Mike Hammill, Graeme C Hays, Elliott L Hazen, Luis A Huckstadt, Charlie Huveneers, Sara Iverson, Saifullah Arifin Jaaman, Kongkiat Kittiwattanawong, Kit M Kovacs, Christian Lydersen, Tim Moltmann, Masaru Naruoka, Lachlan Phillips, Baptiste Picard, Nuno Queiroz, Gilles Reverdin, Katsufumi Sato, David W Sims, Eva B Thorstad, Michele Thums, Anne M Treasure, Andrew W Trites, Guy D Williams, Yoshinari Yonehara, Mike A Fedak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Animal telemetry is a powerful tool for observing marine animals and the physical environments that they inhabit, from coastal and continental shelf ecosystems to polar seas and open oceans. Satellite-linked biologgers and networks of acoustic receivers allow animals to be reliably monitored over scales of tens of meters to thousands of kilometers, giving insight into their habitat use, home range size, the phenology of migratory patterns and the biotic and abiotic factors that drive their distributions. Furthermore, physical environmental variables can be collected using animals as autonomous sampling platforms, increasing spatial and temporal coverage of global oceanographic observation systems. The use of animal telemetry, therefore, has the capacity to provide measures from a suite of essential ocean variables (EOVs) for improved monitoring of Earth's oceans. Here we outline the design features of animal telemetry systems, describe current applications and their benefits and challenges, and discuss future directions. We describe new analytical techniques that improve our ability to not only quantify animal movements but to also provide a powerful framework for comparative studies across taxa. We discuss the application of animal telemetry and its capacity to collect biotic and abiotic data, how the data collected can be incorporated into ocean observing systems, and the role these data can play in improved ocean management.
Original languageEnglish
Article number326
Number of pages21
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Volume6
Issue numberJUN
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jun 2019

Bibliographical note

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

Keywords

  • Animal telemetry
  • marine animals
  • ocean

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    Harcourt, R., Sequeira, A., Zhang, X., Roquet, F., Komatsu, K., Heupel, M., McMahon, C., Whoriskey, F., Meekan, M., Carroll, G., Brodie, S., Simpfendorfer, C., Hindell, M., Jonsen, I., Costa, D. P., Block, B., Muelbert, M., Woodward, B., Weise, M., ... Fedak, M. A. (2019). Animal-Borne Telemetry: An Integral Component of the Ocean Observing Toolkit. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(JUN), [326]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00326