Animal NLRs continue to inform plant NLR structure and function

Hayden Burdett, Bostjan Kobe, Peter Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Plant NLRs share many of the structural hallmarks of their animal counterparts. At a functional level, the central nucleotide-binding pocket appears to have binding and hydrolysis activities, similar to that of animal NLRs. The TIR domains of plant NLRs have been shown to self-associate, and there is emerging evidence that full-length plant NLRs may do so as well. It is therefore tempting to speculate that plant NLRs may form higher-order complexes similar to those of the mammalian inflammasome. Here we review the available knowledge on structure-function relationships in plant NLRs, focusing on how the information available on animal NLRs informs the mechanism of plant NLR function, and highlight the evidence that innate immunity signalling pathways in multicellular organisms often require the formation of higher-order protein complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-68
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Early online date6 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2019


  • Plant NLRs
  • nucleotide-binding
  • innate immunity
  • signalling pathways


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