Antenatal interventions for overweight or obese pregnant women: A systematic review of randomised trials

Jodie Dodd, Rosalie Grivell, Caroline Crowther, Jeffrey Robinson

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    187 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Overweight and obesity during pregnancy is an increasing health problem. Objective: A systematic review to assess the benefits and harms of antenatal dietary or lifestyle interventions for pregnant women who are overweight or obese. Search strategy: The Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CENTRAL) was searched (last search January 2010). Reference lists of retrieved studies were searched by hand. No date or language restrictions were used. Selection criteria: Randomised controlled trials comparing antenatal dietary and/or lifestyle or other interventions with no treatment for overweight or obese women were considered. Studies were evaluated independently for appropriateness for inclusion and methodological quality. The primary outcome was large-for-gestational-age infants. Data collection and analysis: Nine randomised controlled trials were included involving 743 women who were overweight or obese during pregnancy. Seven trials compared a dietary intervention with standard antenatal care. Main results: There were no statistically significant differences identified between women who received an antenatal intervention and those who did not for the large-for-gestational-age infant outcome (three studies; 366 women; risk ratio 2.02; 95% CI 0.84, 4.86) or mean gestational weight gain [four studies; 416 women; weighted mean difference-3.10 kg; 95% CI-8.32, 2.13 (random-effects model)]. There were no statistically significant differences identified for other reported outcomes. Author's conclusions: The effect of providing an antenatal dietary intervention for overweight or obese pregnant women on maternal and infant health outcomes remains unclear.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1316-1326
    Number of pages11
    JournalBJOG - An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
    Volume117
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

    Keywords

    • Infant health outcomes
    • maternal health outcomes
    • overweight or obesity
    • randomised controlled trial
    • systematic review

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