Anxiety in young people with ADHD: Clinical and self-report outcomes

Tracey Tsang, Michael Kohn, Daryl Efron, Simon Clarke, Christopher Clark, Christopher Lamb, Leanne Williams

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: (a) To determine the prevalence of comorbid anxiety disorder in ADHD, defined by diagnostic criteria and (b) to compare anxiety as reported by parents and participants with clinician assessment. Method: Children with ADHD were assessed for comorbid anxiety disorder using the Anxiety Disorder Interview Schedule for Children. Parent report (Conners’ Parent Rating Scale–Revised: Long version) and self-report (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Brain Resource Inventory for Screening Cases–Child version) scales were used to assess anxiety. The ADHD–Rating Scale IV was used to measure ADHD symptoms. Results: Of 134 participants (11.0 ± 2.6 years), 31.3% had comorbid anxiety disorder. Comorbid anxiety disorder was associated with greater severity of ADHD. Anxiety symptoms from parent reports (p <.05) but not from child/self-report (p >.05) correlated with clinician assessment. Conclusion: Assessment for comorbid anxiety disorder and inclusion of parent rating in this assessment are important components of ADHD treatment in children and adolescents.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)18-26
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
    Volume19
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2015

    Keywords

    • ADHD
    • adolescents
    • comorbidity

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    Tsang, T., Kohn, M., Efron, D., Clarke, S., Clark, C., Lamb, C., & Williams, L. (2015). Anxiety in young people with ADHD: Clinical and self-report outcomes. Journal of Attention Disorders, 19(1), 18-26. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054712446830