Applications of deep mutational scanning in virology

Thomas D. Burton, Nicholas S. Eyre

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Several recently developed high-throughput techniques have changed the field of molecular virology. For example, proteomics studies reveal complete interactomes of a viral protein, genome-wide CRISPR knockout and activation screens probe the importance of every single human gene in aiding or fighting a virus, and ChIP-seq experiments reveal genome-wide epigenetic changes in response to infection. Deep mutational scanning is a relatively novel form of protein science which allows the in-depth functional analysis of every nucleotide within a viral gene or genome, revealing regions of importance, flexibility, and mutational potential. In this review, we discuss the application of this technique to RNA viruses including members of the Flaviviridae family, Influenza A Virus and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2. We also briefly discuss the reverse genetics systems which allow for analysis of viral replication cycles, next-generation sequencing technologies and the bioinformatics tools that facilitate this research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1020
Number of pages23
JournalViruses
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Deep mutational scanning
  • Dengue
  • Hepatitis
  • Influenza
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Virology
  • Virus
  • Zika

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