The focus of the study tour to several research and nursing units in Australia and New Zealand (NZ) was to investigate what has influenced the way nurses implement research into practice. The key areas examined were strategic policy influences, activities within leading academic units and responses in practice areas. The main themes to emerge were that the strategies developed by health policy makers in Australia and New Zealand have been profoundly influenced by the global clinical effectiveness and evidence-based practice movements. Nursing needs to position itself firmly in the centre of such developments and leading nursing initiatives need to be mainstreamed into the wider evidence-based movement. While activity around clinical/practice guideline development moves on, more work needs to be done to understand how best to actually implement research in practice. Issues of organizational context, ownership, practice, culture and identifying local champions are emerging as key challenges for the next stage of implementation. Much can be learnt from ongoing dialogue.