Are low to middle income households experiencing food insecurity in Victoria, Australia? An examination of the Victorian Population Health Survey 2006-2009

Sue Kleve, Zoe Davidson, Emma Gearon, Susan Booth, Claire Palermo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Food insecurity affects health and wellbeing. Little is known about the relationship between food insecurity across income levels. This study aims to investigate the prevalence and frequency of food insecurity in low-to-middle-income Victorian households over time and identify factors associated with food insecurity in these households. Prevalence and frequency of food insecurity was analysed across household income levels using data from the cross-sectional 2006-09 Victorian Population Health Surveys (VPHS). Respondents were categorised as food insecure, if in the last 12 months they had run out of food and were unable to afford to buy more. Multivariable logistic regression was used to describe factors associated with food insecurity in low-to-middle-income households (A$40000-$80000 in 2008). Between 4.9 and 5.5% for total survey populations and 3.9-4.8% in low-to-middle-income respondents were food insecure. Food insecurity was associated with limited help from friends, home ownership status, inability to raise money in an emergency and cost of some foods. Food insecurity exists in households beyond those on a very low income. Understanding the extent and implications of household food insecurity across all income groups in Australia will inform effective and appropriate public health responses.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)249-256
    Number of pages8
    JournalAustralian Journal of Primary Health
    Volume23
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2017

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