(1) Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Myocardial oxygenation and perfusion response to stress, using oxygen‐sensitive cardiovascular magnetic resonance (OS‐CMR) and stress T1 mapping respectively, are impaired in CKD patients with and without known coronary artery disease (CAD). Endothelial dysfunction, assessed by circulating levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and homoarginine (HMA), promotes atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that in CKD patients, worsening endothelial dysfunction is associated with worsening myocardial oxygenation and perfusion as assessed by change in OS‐CMR signal intensity (D OS‐CMR SI) and stress T1 (DT1) values. (2) Methods: 38 patients with advanced CKD underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) scanning at 3 Tesla. OS‐CMR and T1 mapping images were acquired both at rest and after adenosine stress and analyzed semi‐quantitatively. Serum ADMA and HMA concentrations were assessed using mass spectrometry. (3) Results: There was no significant correlation between D OS‐ CMR SI and ADMA or HMA. Interestingly, there was a significant negative correlation seen between D T1 and ADMA (r = −0.419, p = 0.037, n = 30) but not between D T1 and HMA. (4) Conclusion: Stress T1 response is impaired in CKD patients and is independently associated with higher circulating ADMA concentrations.
- Chronic kidney disease
- Endothelial dysfunction
- Oxygen‐sensitive cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging
- Stress T1 mapping