GF/EP composite laminates with an epoxy matrix modified by carbon black (CB) of 2.0 wt.% and copper chloride (CC) were manufactured by the vacuum assisted resin infusion (VARI) technique. The effects of CB nanoparticles and CC on improvement in Modes I and II interlaminar fracture toughness and impact damage resistance and on the electrical conductivity of GF/EP laminate composites were investigated. Delamination growth was calibrated by in situ electrical resistance changes during interlaminar fracture tests. The relationship between growth of delamination and change in electrical resistance was characterised. A damage index based on the change in electrical resistance was introduced, and a new method of electrical resistivity tomography was developed to access transverse impact damage in GF/EP laminates based on a matrix of conductive points in both in-plane and through-thickness directions. The damage images from in-plane and through-thickness electrical resistivity tomography were finally estimated with the corresponding C-scan.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2012|
- A. Glass fibres
- A. Laminates
- B. Delamination
- B. Electrical properties