Association between Patient-Reported Outcomes and Survival in Patients with Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma Treated with Atezolizumab

Eugene Tan, Ahmad Y Abuhelwa, Sarah Badaoui, Natansh D Modi, Michael D Wiese, Ross A McKinnon, Michael J Sorich, Ashley M Hopkins

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2 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Atezolizumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) and a frontline treatment of patients with cisplatin-ineligible advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC). There is limited evidence on the prognostic value of patient reported outcomes (PROs) in advanced UC treatment, particularly in the context of ICI therapy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic association of PROs with survival in patients with advanced UC treated with atezolizumab. METHODS: This study used data from 467 patients with advanced UC initiating atezolizumab in the IMvigor211 trial. Pre-treatment PROs association with overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) was assessed using Cox proportional hazard analysis. PROs were recorded via the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30. Discrimination performance was assessed via the C-statistic (c). RESULTS: Patient reported physical function, pain, appetite loss, global health, fatigue, role function, constipation, nausea and vomiting, dyspnoea, and insomnia were significantly associated with OS and PFS on univariable and adjusted analysis (P<0.05). Physical function (c=0.63), pain (c=0.63), appetite loss (c=0.62), global health status (c=0.62), and fatigue (c=0.62), were the most prognostic factors of OS. The OS discrimination performance of physical function (c=0.61) was superior to ECOG PS (c=0.58). Of patients assessed by investigators as having no performance restrictions (ECOG PS of 0), 38 (18%) and 91 (42%) self-reported low and intermediate physical function scores, respectively. CONCLUSION: Pre-treatment PROs were identified as independent prognostic factors of OS and PFS. Patient-reported physical function was more prognostic of OS than ECOG PS. This highlights a potential for PROs to enable improved patient stratification in ICI trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-88
Number of pages8
JournalBladder Cancer
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11 Mar 2022


  • Metformin
  • urinary bladder
  • neoplasms
  • epidemiology
  • pharmacology
  • overall survival
  • Patient-reported outcome
  • atezolizumab
  • urothelial cancer


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