Associations of advanced age with comorbidity, stage and primary subsite as contributors to mortality from colorectal cancer

Kazzem Gheybi, Elizabeth Buckley, Agnes Vitry, David Roder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
22 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Although survival from colorectal cancer (CRC) has improved substantially in recent decades, people with advanced age still have a high likelihood of mortality from this disease. Nonetheless, few studies have investigated how cancer stage, subsite and comorbidities contribute collectively to poor prognosis of older people with CRC. Here, we decided to explore the association of age with mortality measures and how other variables influenced this association. Methods: Using linkage of several administrative datasets, we investigated the risk of death among CRC cases during 2003–2014. Different models were used to explore the association of age with mortality measures and how other variables influenced this association. Results: Our results indicated that people diagnosed at a young age and with lower comorbidity had a lower likelihood of all-cause and CRC-specific mortality. Aging had a greater association with mortality in early-stage CRC, and in rectal cancer, compared that seen with advanced-stage CRC and right colon cancer, respectively. Meanwhile, people with different levels of comorbidity were not significantly different in terms of their increased likelihood of mortality with advanced age. We also found that while most comorbidities were associated with all-cause mortality, only dementia [SHR = 1.43 (1.24–1.64)], Peptic ulcer disease [SHR = 1.12 (1.02–1.24)], kidney disease [SHR = 1.11 (1.04–1.20)] and liver disease [SHR = 1.65 (1.38–1.98)] were risk factors for CRC-specific mortality. Conclusion: This study showed that the positive association of advanced age with mortality in CRC depended on stage and subsite of the disease. We also found only a limited number of comorbidities to be associated with CRC-specific mortality. These novel findings implicate the need for more attention on factors that cause poor prognosis in older people.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1101771
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • advanced age
  • cancer stage
  • colorectal cancer
  • comorbidity
  • mortality

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