Asynchronous peer-to-peer federated capability-based targeted ransomware detection model for industrial IoT

Muna Al-Hawawreh, Elena Sitnikova, Neda Aboutorab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
49 Downloads (Pure)


Industrial Internet of Thing (IIoT) systems are considered attractive ransomware targets because they operate critical services that affect human lives and have substantial operational costs. The major concern is with brownfield IIoT systems since they have legacy edge systems that are not fully prepared to integrate with IoT technologies. Various existing security solutions can detect and mitigate such attacks but are often ineffective due to the heterogeneous and distributed nature of the IIoT systems and their interoperability demands. Consequently, developing new detection solutions is essential. Therefore, this paper proposes a novel targeted ransomware detection model tailored for IIoT edge systems. It uses Asynchronous Peer-to-Peer Federated Learning (AP2PFL) and Deep Learning (DL) techniques as a targeted ransomware detection algorithm. The proposed model consists of two modules: 1) Data Purifying Module (DPM) aims to refine and reconstruct a valuable and robust representation of data based on Contractive Denoising Auto-Encoder (CDAE), and 2) Diagnostic and Decision Module (DDM) is used to identify targeted ransomware and its stages based on Deep Neural Network (DNN) and Batch Normalization (BN). The main strengths of this proposed model include: 1) each edge gateway's modules work cooperatively with its neighbors in an asynchronous manner and without a third party, 2) it deals with both homogeneous and heterogeneous data, and 3) it is robust against evasion attacks. An exhaustive set of experiments on three datasets prove the high effectiveness of the proposed model in detecting targeted ransomware (known and unknown attacks) in brownfield IIoT and the superiority over the state-of-the-art models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148738-148755
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Detection
  • Edge system
  • Federated learning
  • IIoT
  • Targeted ransomware
  • Industrial Internet of Thing


Dive into the research topics of 'Asynchronous peer-to-peer federated capability-based targeted ransomware detection model for industrial IoT'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this