Attitudes, risk factors, and behaviours of gambling among adolescents and young people: A literature review and gap analysis

Ben J. Riley, Candice Oster, Mubarak Rahamathulla, Sharon Lawn

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
6 Downloads (Pure)


Gambling is occurring in a rapidly changing landscape, with new trends and technologies affecting gambling behaviour and problem gambling across a range of populations. Gambling activity among adolescents and young people has received considerable research attention due to a high prevalence of gambling reported among these groups in recent years. Despite legislation worldwide to constrain gambling among adolescents and young people, modern technology, such as online gaming apps and online gambling venues, has significantly increased their exposure to the risks of problem gambling. It is important, therefore, to have up to date information about what is currently known about gambling and to explore gaps in our knowledge. This gap analysis presents the results of a systematic approach to reviewing the current literature on gambling behaviour, attitudes, and associated risk factors for gambling and problem gambling among adolescents and young adults (aged 10–25 years). The review included studies published between January 2015 and August 2020 and included 85 studies for final synthesis. Findings reveal further research is needed on the implications for young people of emerging technologies and new trends in gambling in the digital age. The current gap analysis reveals that this should include more research on the development and impact of both treatment and intervention strategies, and policy and regulatory frameworks from a public health perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Article number984
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2021


  • Adolescent
  • Gambling
  • Problem gambling
  • Review
  • Youth


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