Background: Low cardiovascular fitness is common poststroke. Conventional subacute stroke rehabilitation does not meet Australian National Stroke Guidelines for cardiovascular exercise, particularly in mobility-dependent patients. Walking robotics can potentially achieve recommended cardiovascular exercise with these patients. Aim: The primary aim was to determine whether sustained moderate intensity cardiovascular exercise can be achieved using 3 Lokomat Augmented Performance Feedback activities in mobility-dependent adults with subacute stroke. Secondary aims were to assess if cardiovascular workload was influenced by the activity completed, participants motivation or enjoyment, or changes in Lokomat settings. Methods: Ten patients with subacute stroke (mean (SD) age: 63.4 (13) years) participated in 6x20-minute Lokomat study sessions. Each study session involved a warm-up and 3x5-minute APF activities presented in a random order. Metabolic data were collected using the COSMED-K5. Participants rated their perceived exertion on the BORG CR10 scale and Lokomat settings of body-weight support, guidance force, and speed were recorded. Results: Moderate intensity cardiovascular exercise was achieved and maintained over the 15 minutes of exercise, objectively demonstrated by a mean (SD) Metabolic Equivalent Task of 3.1 (1.3), and mean (SD) oxygen consumption of 8.0 (3.8) ml/kg/min, estimated as 52% VO2max. This was subjectively confirmed by exertion scores between 3 and 5. The cardiovascular workload was not affected by which activity was completed, participant motivation or enjoyment, or significant progression of Lokomat settings between study sessions. Conclusions: Mobility-dependent patients with subacute stroke can achieve sustained moderate intensity cardiovascular exercise on the Lokomat when using APF activities.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2020|
- cardiovascular exercise