Australia, the International Geophysical Year and the 1959 Antarctic Treaty

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Abstract

Australia's experience of the International Geophysical Year (IGY) in Antarctica (1957-8) tempers the dominant narrative of the IGY as a transformative event in Antarctic affairs. This article argues that the IGY was not a great rupture in Australia's relationship with Antarctica. Rather, because of a long cultural attachment to and continuing relationship with Antarctica based in concepts of national security and development, Australian government policy stubbornly adhered to the idea of territorial sovereignty. Recognising this continuity in Australia's relationship with Antarctica is important for reconfiguring our understanding of how the Antarctic Treaty took the form it did.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-546
Number of pages15
JournalAustralian Journal of Politics and History
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antarctica
  • territorial sovereignty
  • Antarctic Treaty

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