Irish-Australians were under official surveillance from November 1917 following security awareness of local attempts to support anti-British activity in Ireland. The subsequent arrest and internment of seven Irish-Australians with links to the radical Irish Republican Brotherhood intensified authority and community concern. Surviving archival evidence reveals numbers of ordinary Irish-Australians made interstate contacts and exchanged material and ideas judged as subversive, sometimes outwitting authorities. The wartime atmosphere heightened suspicion, and some strongly pro-British individuals and organisations quickly judged all Irish-Australians—especially in the light of perceived inflammatory statements from Melbourne’s Archbishop Mannix—as disloyal and verging on traitorous. While an active Irish-Australian ‘underground’ existed—with greater potential for radical action than was realised—it was largely aimed at resisting Australia’s government-fuelled pro-British and anti-Irish atmosphere.
|Title of host publication||Australians and the First World War|
|Subtitle of host publication||Local-Global Connections and Contexts|
|Editors||Kate Ariotti, James E. Bennett|
|Place of Publication||Cham|
|Number of pages||20|
|Publication status||Published - 30 Aug 2017|