Australian National Health and Medical Research Council dietary salt study in mild hypertension.

J. Chalmers, T. Morgan, A. Doyle, B. Dickson, J. Hopper, J. Mathews, G. Matthews, R. Moulds, J. Myers, C. Nowson

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Abstract

Two-hundred-and-twelve untreated subjects (mean age 52.3 +/- 0.8 years; 181 males and 31 females) with a diastolic blood pressure between 90 and 100 mmHg were recruited to the study. Subjects were seen fortnightly and, after 4 pre-diet visits, were randomized into a normal diet group (A, 55 subjects), a high-potassium diet group (B, 52 subjects receiving greater than 100 mmol K+/day) a reduced-sodium diet group (C, 52 subjects receiving 50-75 mmol Na+/day) or a high-potassium and low-sodium diet group (D, 53 subjects receiving same Na+ and K+ as groups B and C). Two-hundred subjects completed the diet phase of 12 weeks. Urine sodium fell to 86 +/- 7 mmol/day in group C and 73 +/- 6 mmol/day in group D, while daily potassium excretion rose to 96 +/- 5 mmol in group B and 87 +/- 4 mmol in group C. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure fell by 3.8 +/- 1.0 and 1.6 +/- 0.6 mmHg respectively in the normal diet group. The falls in systolic and diastolic blood pressures (mmHg) in the diet phase were 7.7 +/- 1.1 and 4.7 +/- 0.7 (B), 8.9 +/- 1.0 and 5.8 +/- 0.6 (C) and 7.9 +/- 0.9 and 4.2 +/- 0.7 (D). These falls were all greater than those in the control group on an intention-to-treat analysis (P less than 0.005) but did not differ from each other. Factorial analysis confirmed that the falls in pressure attributable to the low-sodium diet and high-potassium diet were not additive.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S629-637
JournalJournal of hypertension. Supplement : official journal of the International Society of Hypertension
Volume4
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1986

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