Author reply

Sumudu Narayana, Michael Nugent, Richard Woodman, Michael Larkin, Jeyamani Ramachandran, Kate Muller, Alan Wigg

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review


We thank Keskin for the interest in our work and agree with his comments.

Specifically, we agree that all hepatitis B patients should be routinely assessed for other blood-borne viruses (hepatitis C virus, human immunodeficiency virus and delta hepatitis), and this is consistent with recently published Australian Consensus recommendations. However, it has been observed by our group and others that delta hepatitis is very rare or non-existent in Indigenous Australian populations, so the value of routine testing in this population is uncertain.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1458
Number of pages1
JournalInternal Medicine Journal
Issue number8
Early online date16 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022


  • chronic hepatitis B
  • indigenous health
  • vaccination
  • public health
  • Australia


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