Automated Analysis Using a Bayesian Functional Mixed-Effects Model With Gaussian Process Responses for Wavelet Spectra of Spatiotemporal Colonic Manometry Signals

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Abstract

Manual analysis of human high-resolution colonic manometry data is time consuming, non-standardized and subject to laboratory bias. In this article we present a technique for spectral analysis and statistical inference of quasiperiodic spatiotemporal signals recorded during colonic manometry procedures. Spectral analysis is achieved by computing the continuous wavelet transform and cross-wavelet transform of these signals. Statistical inference is achieved by modeling the resulting time-averaged amplitudes in the frequency and frequency-phase domains as Gaussian processes over a regular grid, under the influence of categorical and numerical predictors specified by the experimental design as a functional mixed-effects model. Parameters of the model are inferred with Hamiltonian Monte Carlo. Using this method, we re-analyzed our previously published colonic manometry data, comparing healthy controls and patients with slow transit constipation. The output from our automated method, supports and adds to our previous manual analysis. To obtain these results took less than two days. In comparison the manual analysis took 5 weeks. The proposed mixed-effects model approach described here can also be used to gain an appreciation of cyclical activity in individual subjects during control periods and in response to any form of intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Article number605066
Number of pages16
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Bayesian mixed effects
  • colonic manometry
  • continuous wavelet transform
  • Gaussian process
  • spatiotemporal analysis

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