B-type natriuretic peptide and anthropometric measures in a Brazilian elderly population with a high prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection

Alline Maria Beleigoli, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Maria De Diniz, Antonio L. Ribeiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a diagnostic and prognostic tool in heart failure and also in Chagas disease, which is caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi and has cardiomyopathy as a main feature. BNP lipolytic actions and T. cruzi infection in the adipose tissue have been recently described. We aim to investigate the relationship between BNP and anthropometric measures and whether it is influenced by T. cruzi infection. We measured BNP, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), triceps skin-fold thickness (TSF) and performed serological, biochemical and electrocardiographic exams in 1398 subjects (37.5% infected with T. cruzi) in a community-dwelling elderly population in Bambui city, Brazil. Linear multivariate regression analysis was performed to investigate determinants of BNP levels. BNP levels were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in T. cruzi-infected subjects than in the non-infected group (median = 121 and 64 pg/mL, respectively). BMI, WC and TSF in infected subjects were significantly lower than those in non-infected subjects (24.3 vs. 25.5 kg/m2; 89.2 vs. 92.4 cm; and 14.5 vs. 16.0 mm, respectively). There was an inverse relationship between BNP levels and BMI (b = -0.018), WC (b = -0.005) and TSF (b = -0.193) levels. Infected and non-infected groups showed similar inverse relationships between BNP and BMI (b = -0.021 and b = -0.015, respectively). In conclusion, there was an inverse relationship between BNP levels and the anthropometric measures. Despite the actions in the adipose tissue, T. cruzi infection did not modify the associations between BNP and BMI, suggesting that body mass does not modify the accuracy of BNP in Chagas disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1787-1792
Number of pages6
JournalPeptides
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • B-type natriuretic peptide
  • Body mass index
  • Anthropometric measures
  • Chagas disease
  • Adipose tissue
  • Metabolism

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