‘Back to Life’—Using knowledge exchange processes to enhance lifestyle interventions for liver transplant recipients: A qualitative study

Ingrid J. Hickman, Donna Coran, Matthew P. Wallen, Jaimon Kelly, Amandine Barnett, Danielle Gallegos, Maree Jarrett, Simone M. McCoy, Katrina L. Campbell, Graeme A. Macdonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: Interventions to prevent excessive weight gain after liver transplant are needed. The purpose of the present study was to enhance a specialist post-transplant well-being program through knowledge exchange with end-users. Methods: The study used an interactive process of knowledge exchange between researchers, clinicians and health system users. Data were collected as focus groups or telephone interviews and underwent applied thematic analysis. Results: There were 28 participants (age 24–68 years; 64% male). The results identified experiences that may influence decisions around health behaviours during the course of transplant recovery. Three over-arching themes were identified that impact on liver transplant recipients post-transplant health behaviours. These include (i) Finding a coping mechanism which highlighted the need to acknowledge the significant emotional burden of transplant prior to addressing long-term physical wellness; (ii) Back to Life encompassing the desire to return to employment and prioritise family, while co-ordinating the burden of ongoing medical monitoring and self-management and (iii) Tailored, Personalised Care with a preference for health care delivery by transplant specialists via a range of flexible eHealth modalities. Conclusions: This person-centred process of knowledge exchange incorporated experiences of recipients into service design and identified life priorities most likely to influence health behaviours post-transplant. Patient co-creation of services has the potential to improve the integration of knowledge into health systems and future directions will require evaluation of effectiveness and sustainability of patient-centred multidisciplinary service development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-406
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition and Dietetics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • focus groups
  • health service design
  • liver disease
  • obesity
  • patient engagement
  • quality of life


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