Bacterial composition, abundance and diversity in fish polyculture and mussel–fish integrated cultured ponds in China

Xiafei Zheng, Jinyu Tang, Chunfang Zhang, Jianguang Qin, Yan Wang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Bacterial community and abiotic environmental parameters in twelve freshwater aquaculture ponds were analysed. According to the major component of stocked animals, the ponds were grouped into four types: black carp Mylopharyngodon piceus, largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides, yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco and pearl mussel Hyriopsis cumingii ponds. Each type of pond was stocked with three species of Chinese carps (silver carp, bighead carp and gibel carp) to form a unique mode of fish polyculture or mussel–fish integrated culture. The bacterial composition was identified using 16S rDNA sequencing. Totally, 3701 and 11 150 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were identified from the water and sediment samples respectively. The number of OTUs, abundance-based coverage estimator, Chao1 index and Shannon diversity index were lower in the water column than in the sediment, suggesting that diversity and stability of bacterial community were higher in the sediment. In the water column, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes dominated at the phylum level, and 26 dominant genera were identified. In the sediment, Proteobacteria, Chloroflexi, Bacteroidetes, Acidobacteria and Nitrospirae dominated at the phylum level, and 25 dominant genera were identified. Bacterial compositions between the ponds with different aquaculture modes were similar at the phylum levels, but varied at the genus levels. The bacterial composition in the ponds was correlated with hardness, ammonia and total nitrogen in the water column. This study indicates that the type of aquaculture mode is a factor regulating the microbial community, which provides an insight towards microbial management through probiotic manipulation in pond culture.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3950-3961
    Number of pages12
    JournalAquaculture Research
    Volume48
    Issue number7
    Early online date2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

    Keywords

    • bacterial community
    • diversity
    • fish polyculture
    • integrated culture
    • sediment
    • water column

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