Behavioral Neuroscience of Buying-Shopping Disorder: a Review

Michael Kyrios, Patrick Trotzke, Lee Lawrence, Daniel B. Fassnacht, Kathina Ali, Nora M. Laskowski, Astrid Müller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of Review
This paper provides a narrative review of recent neurocognitive, pharmacological, and genetic findings in buying-shopping disorder (BSD).

Recent Findings
Preliminary evidence from experimental neuropsychological studies indicates BSD is associated with reward-seeking, cue-induced craving towards buying/shopping stimuli and disadvantageous decision making under ambiguous risk conditions that may be attributable to disrupted emotional feedback. BSD is not linked to deficits in general executive functioning. Psychopharmacological studies with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or opioid antagonists are all preliminary with small samples. There is a paucity of research examining if BSD is inherited.

Summary
BSD carries serious negative impact in important life domains and seems to reflect key components of disorders due to substance use or addictive behaviors. Future research should focus on neural circuits and genetics involved in BSD, classification and treatment development. There is a need for investigations concerning the relative contributions of psychosocial, neurocognitive, genetic, and physiological factors in BSD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-270
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Buying-shopping disorder
  • Compulsive buying
  • Behavioral addiction
  • Craving
  • Cue-reactivity

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