Behavioural and neurophysiological disruption of corticobulbar motor systems and their effects on sequential pharyngeal swallowing

Aamir Al-Toubi, Stephanie Daniels, Maggie-Lee Huckabee, David Corey, Sebastian Doeltgen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Primary motor networks are known to be involved in the control of voluntary oral movements as well as the modulation of pharyngeal movements during experimentally controlled single swallows performed on command. The role of these networks in the more typical task of sequential swallowing remains unexplored. This study evaluated the hypothesis that experimental disruption of motor cortical activation would reduce the rate and regularity of repeatedly performed volitional or volitionally initiated motor tasks controlled by corticospinal (finger tapping) and corticobulbar (eyebrow movement, jaw opening, volitional sequential swallowing) motor systems, but would not influence a more reflexive corticobulbar task (reflexive sequential swallowing to pharyngeal water infusion). This premise was investigated in 24 healthy participants using two techniques: a dual task paradigm and a transcranial magnetic stimulation paradigm. Disruption effects were quantified by changes in rate and regularity of performance for each tested motor task. In summary, volitional motor tasks controlled by corticospinal motor networks (finger tapping) are more susceptible to behavioural and neurophysiological disruption than tasks controlled by cortiobulbar motor networks containing a reflexive component (both volitional and experimentally initiated consecutive swallowing). Purely volitional motor tasks controlled by the corticobulbar motor system (eyebrow raising or jaw opening) were affected in similar ways as the volitional corticospinal motor tasks. In summary, tasks involving sequential pharyngeal swallowing - whether volitionally or experimentally initiated - are largely robust against disruption of primary cortical motor networks, supporting a key role of medullary CPGs in the motor control of sequential pharyngeal swallowing.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)69-76
    Number of pages8
    JournalPhysiology and Behavior
    Volume165
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2016

    Keywords

    • Corticobulbar
    • Disruption
    • Dual task
    • Swallowing
    • Transcranial magnetic stimulation

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