Behavioural and pharmaceutical interventions for the prevention of skin cancers in solid organ transplant recipients: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials

Laura J. James, Valeria Saglimbene, Germaine Wong, Allison Tong, Laurence Don Wai Luu, Jonathan Craig, Kirsten Howard, Martin Howell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Solid organ transplant recipients are at increased risk of skin cancer, affecting more than 50% of recipients. We aimed to determine the effectiveness of interventions for behavioural change for sun protection or skin cancer prevention in solid organ transplant recipients. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and CINAHL from inception to November 2019. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials that evaluated the effect of behavioural or pharmaceutical interventions on behavioural change or skin cancer prevention in solid organ transplant recipients. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Risks of bias and evidence certainty were assessed using Cochrane and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation framework. RESULTS: Twenty trials (n=2295 participants) were included. It is uncertain whether behavioural interventions improve sun protection behaviour (n=3, n=414, standardised mean difference (SMD) 0.89, 95% CI -0.84 to 2.62, I2=98%) and knowledge (n=4, n=489, SMD 0.50, 95% CI 0.12 to 0.87, I2= 76%) as the quality of evidence is very low. We are uncertain of the effects of mammalian target of rapamaycin inhibitors on the incidence of non-melanocytic skin cancer (n=5, n=1080, relative risk 0.46, 95% CI 0.28 to 0.75, I2 =72%) as the quality of evidence is very low. CONCLUSIONS: Behavioural and pharmaceutical preventive interventions may improve sun protective behaviour and knowledge, and reduce the incidence of non-melanocytic skin cancer, but the overall quality of the evidence is very low and insufficient to guide decision-making and clinical practice. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42017063962.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere029265
Number of pages14
JournalBMJ Open
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2020

Keywords

  • melanoma
  • prevention
  • skin cancer
  • sun protection
  • sun protection behaviours

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Behavioural and pharmaceutical interventions for the prevention of skin cancers in solid organ transplant recipients: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this