Belly Dance as an Embodying Activity? A Test of the Embodiment Model of Positive Body Image

Marika Tiggemann, Emily Coutts, Levina Clark

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    41 Citations (Scopus)


    The study aimed to test Menzel and Levine’s (2011) embodiment theory of positive body image in the context of belly dance. Participants were 213 women from Adelaide, South Australia. They comprised 112 belly dancers recruited from two belly dance schools, and a sample of 101 college women who had never participated in belly dance. Participants completed questionnaire measures of positive body image, body dissatisfaction, self-objectification, and enjoyment of sexualization. It was found that belly dancers scored higher on positive body image and lower on body dissatisfaction and self-objectification than the college students. There was, however, no difference between groups in enjoyment of sexualization. Importantly, in support of the embodiment model, the effect of belly dance group on positive body image was mediated by reduced self-objectification. It was concluded that belly dance represents an embodying activity, one associated with a number of benefits for its practioners, including positive body image.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)197-207
    Number of pages11
    JournalSex Roles
    Issue number5-8
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014


    • Belly dance
    • Embodiment
    • Enjoyment of sexualization
    • Positive body image
    • Self-objectification


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