Biomarker-based risk model to predict cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndromes – Results from BIPass registry

Jiali Wang, Wei Gao, Guanghui Chen, Ming Chen, Zhi Wan, Wen Zheng, Jingjing Ma, Jiaojiao Pang, Guangmei Wang, Shuo Wu, Shuo Wang, Feng Xu, Derek P. Chew, Yuguo Chen, BIPass investigators

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Background: Risk models integrating new biomarkers to predict cardiovascular events in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are lacking. Therefore, we evaluated the prognostic value of biomarkers in addition to clinical predictors and developed a biomarker-based risk model for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) within 12 months after hospital admission with ACS. Methods: Patients (n = 4407) consecutively enrolled from November, 2017 to October, 2019 in three hospitals of a prospective Chinese registry (BIomarker-based Prognostic Assessment for Patients with Stable Angina and Acute Coronary Syndromes, BIPass) were designated as the risk model development cohort. Validation was performed in 1409 patients enrolled in two independent hospitals. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to generate a risk prediction model and evaluate the incremental prognostic value of each biomarker. Findings: Over 12 months, 196 patients experienced MACE (5.1%/year). Among twelve candidate biomarkers, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) measured at baseline showed the most prognostic capability independent of clinical predictors. The developed BIPass risk model included age, hypertension, previous myocardial infarction, stroke, Killip class, heart rate, and NT-proBNP. It displayed improved discrimination (C-statistic 0.79, 95% CI 0.73-0.85), calibration (GOF = 9.82, p = 0.28) and clinical decision curve in the validation cohort, outperforming the GRACE and TIMI risk scores. Cumulative rates for MACE demonstrated good separation in the BIPass predicted low, intermediate, and high-risk groups. Interpretation: The BIPass risk model, integrating clinical variables and NT-proBNP, is useful for predicting 12-month MACE in ACS. It effectively identifies a gradient risk of cardiovascular events to aid personalized care. Funding: National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFC0908700, 2020YFC0846600), National S&T Fundamental Resources Investigation Project (2018FY100600, 2018FY100602), Taishan Pandeng Scholar Program of Shandong Province (tspd20181220), Taishan Young Scholar Program of Shandong Province (tsqn20161065, tsqn201812129), Youth Top-Talent Project of National Ten Thousand Talents Plan and Qilu Young Scholar Program.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100479
Number of pages15
JournalThe Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022


  • Acute coronary syndromes
  • Biomarker
  • Prognosis
  • Risk prediction model


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