Biomechanical Robustness of a Contemporary Cementless Stem to Surgical Variation in Stem Size and Position

Rami M. A. Al-Dirini, Dermot O'Rourke, Daniel Huff, Saulo Martelli, Mark Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Successful designs of total hip replacement (THR) need to be robust to surgical variation in sizing and positioning of the femoral stem. This study presents an automated method for comprehensive evaluation of the potential impact of surgical variability in sizing and positioning on the primary stability of a contemporary cementless femoral stem (Corail®, DePuy Synthes). A patient-specific finite element (FE) model of a femur was generated from computed tomography (CT) images from a female donor. An automated algorithm was developed to span the plausible surgical envelope of implant positions constrained by the inner cortical boundary. The analysis was performed on four stem sizes: Oversized, ideal (nominal) sized, and undersized by up to two stem sizes. For each size, Latin hypercube sampling was used to generate models for 100 unique alignment scenarios. For each scenario, peak hip contact and muscle forces published for stair climbing were scaled to the donor's body weight and applied to the model. The risk of implant loosening was assessed by comparing the bone-implant micromotion/strains to thresholds (150 μm and 7000 μÎμ ) above which fibrous tissue is expected to prevail and the periprosthetic bone to yield, respectively. The risk of long-term loosening due to adverse bone resorption was assessed using bone adaptation theory. The range of implant positions generated effectively spanned the available intracortical space. The Corail stem was found stable and robust to changes in size and position, with the majority of the bone-implant interface undergoing micromotion and interfacial strains that are well below 150 μm and 7000 μÎμ , respectively. Nevertheless, the range of implant positions generated caused an increase of up to 50% in peak micromotion and up to 25% in interfacial strains, particularly for retroverted stems placed in a medial position.

Original languageEnglish
Article number091007
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
Volume140
Issue number9
Early online date24 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • implant evaluation
  • primary stability
  • Surgical variability
  • total hip replacement

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