Blood typing of tissues from four mummies by the mixed cell agglutination method

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Blood typing of mummified tissue provides information about the ge­netic composition of past populations. Blood type frequencies are im­portant in determining genetic similarities among different populations.
Blood typing of tissue is possible because ABH antigens are widely distributed throughout the human body independent of whether the person is a secretor or non-secretor. There are two distinct forms of antigens (Race and Sanger 1975): 1) a water soluble form not present in the red cells or serum but present in the body fluids and organs of a secretor, the secretion of these antigens being controlled by a pair of alleles (Se, se) which are inherited independently of the ABO genes; and 2) an alcohol soluble form present in all tissues (except the brain) and on the red cells but not present in the secretions. This form is not in­fluenced by the secreter gene.
The purpose of this paper is to report the results of blood tests performed on tissue from four mummies from the Greater Southwest of North America--an Anasazi (Basketrnaker II) infant, a Fremont adult, and an adolescent and a child from southwestern Chihuahua, Mexico. The two mummies from Chihuahua are of undetermined cultural affiliation but are from an area now occupied by the Tarahumara.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTwo Mummies from Chihuahua, Mexico
Subtitle of host publicationa multidisciplinary study
EditorsRose A. Tyson, Daniel V. Elerick
Place of PublicationSan Diego
PublisherSan Diego Museum of Man
Pages29-33
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)0937808407
Publication statusPublished - 1985

Publication series

NameSan Diego Museum Papers
PublisherSan Diego Museum of Man
Volume19

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