Blunt Craniofacial Trauma as a Manifestation of Excited Delirium Caused by New Psychoactive Substances

Roger Byard, Matthew Cox, Peter Stockham

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)


    The body of a 19-year-old male was found apparently concealed underneath bushes with recent head and facial trauma, and multiple superficial abrasions. Subsequently, it was discovered that the decedent had been running into objects and buildings following the ingestion the evening before of what was thought to be lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). Blood staining of a nearby wall close to where the body was lying was in keeping with the described behavior. Toxicology revealed 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (Ecstasy), in addition to two only recently available drugs 2-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-[(2-methoxyphenyl)methyl]ethanamine, (25B-NBOMe), and 1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-butanone, (MDPBP). At autopsy, the skull was fractured with cerebral swelling, contusions, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Death was due to blunt cranial trauma against a background of mixed drug toxicity. The case demonstrates a rare cause of death in a drug-induced acute delirium, as well as highlighting two new designer street drugs that may result in significant aberrant behavior.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1546-1548
    Number of pages3
    JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016


    • 1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-butanone, MDPBP
    • 2-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-[(2-methoxyphenyl)methyl]ethanamine, 25B-NBOMe
    • acute delirium
    • ecstasy
    • forensic science
    • head trauma
    • new psychoactive substances


    Dive into the research topics of 'Blunt Craniofacial Trauma as a Manifestation of Excited Delirium Caused by New Psychoactive Substances'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this