Breast cancer screening practice and its associated factors among women in Kersa District, Eastern Ethiopia

Teshale Mulatu Dibisa, Tilayie Feto Gelano, Lemma Negesa, Tewelde Gebre Hawareya, Degu Abate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: breast cancer is one of the most common cancers and cause of death among women globally. Mortality due to breast cancer was higher in lower (LMICs) and middle-income countries than high income countries (HICs) mostly due to lack of timely detection and treatment. There was limited evidence related to breast cancer screening practice among women in Eastern Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess breast cancer screening practice and its associated factors among women in this area. Methods: a community based descriptive cross-sectional study design was conducted among 422 randomly selected women in Kersa district, Eastern Ethiopia using systematic sampling. Data were collected using pretested interviewer administered questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to analyse the association between the dependent and independent variables. Results: the overall breast cancer screening practice among women was 6.9%. Women with the age of 26 years and above were 2.3 times more likely to have breast cancer screening practice as compared to women with age of 20-25 years (AOR=2.3; 95% CI: 1.4, 3.7), and women who had good knowledge on breast cancer risk factors were 3.4 times more likely to had breast cancer screening as compared to their counterpart (AOR=3.4; 95% CI: 1.3, 9.4). The women who had ever heard about breast cancer screening were 2.8 times more likely to have breast cancer screening as compared to those who had never heard about breast cancer screening (AOR=2.8; 95% CI: 1.2, 6.5). Conclusion: the overall breast cancer screening practice was very low among women in the study area. Age and women's knowledge towards breast cancer risk factors and breast cancer screening information were identified as important factors for breast cancer screening practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144
Number of pages10
JournalPan African Medical Journal
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • breast screening practice
  • Eastern Ethiopia

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