Australia has enjoyed governmental support for open access for approximately a decade. This article provides a brief overview of the infrastructure now in place as a result of this support, including widespread repositories and mandates at institutional and funding levels. In addition, the funding process for Australian universities means citation information for all research output has been collected for many years. This offers a unique test case for attempting to determine whether good infrastructure support results in a higher uptake of open access. The difficulties in establishing the percentage of research that is available through open access make it impossible to answer the question definitively. However simple changes such as developing an open access advocacy body, altering the wording of mandates, and the introduction of a requirement to provide the accepted version for reporting would allow Australia to take full advantage of the policy and technical infrastructure already in place and to experience a large increase in open access to Australian research.