Can test list context manipulations improve recognition accuracy in the DRM paradigm?

Raymond Gunter, Stacey Ivanko, Glen Bodner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Only test-based manipulations can be used to help people distinguish accurate from false memories once events have been encoded. In two experiments we examined how the type of studied words (weak vs strong associates, or less vs more memorable associates) and non-studied lure words (related vs unrelated lures) on the test list affect recognition accuracy in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm. False recognition of critical lures decreased substantially in the related-lure context, but so did correct recognition of studied words. False recognition was little affected by the studied-word manipulations. In general, participants claimed to recognise critical lures as often as weak associates or less memorable studied words but less often than either strong associates or more memorable studied words. The test-list context affected how participants classified their recognition experiences but it did not systematically change their overall memory accuracy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)862-873
Number of pages12
JournalMemory
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • memory test
  • text-based prompts
  • lure words
  • accuracy

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