Can we predict the need for nutritional support following pancreatoduodenectomy?

Deeksha Kapoor, Savio George Barreto, Azhar Perwaiz, Amanjeet Singh, Adarsh Chaudhary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The practice of routine placement of a tube jejunostomy at the time of pancreatoduodenectomy has given way to a more selective approach. However, the indications of establishing enteral access at the time of surgery remain poorly defined. This study aimed to assess the preoperative and intraoperative factors associated with the need for nutritional support after pancreatoduodenectomy, to guide decision-making for the establishment of intraoperative feeding access. Methods: Retrospective study, analyzing the data of 562 consecutive patients, who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy between March 2013 to December 2020. Univariate and multiple logistic regression analysis was carried out to ascertain the factors associated with the initiation of and need for nutritional support for more than 7 days postop. The utility of tube jejunostomy was studied in patients in whom it was performed. Results: Of 562 patients, 105 (18.7%) needed nutritional support. A tube jejunostomy was performed in 46 (8.2%) patients, parenteral nutrition was used in 83 (14.8%), and nasojejunal tube placed in 28 (4.9%) patients. On logistic regression analysis, age, serum albumin <3.0 gm/dl and operative blood loss were independently associated with the initiation of supportive nutrition, while preoperative gastric outlet obstruction (OR 3.105, 95% CI1.201–8.032, p = 0.019) and serum albumin <3.0 gm/dl (OR 2.669, 95% CI 1.131–6.300, p = 0.025) were associated with the need for prolonged nutritional support. The maximal benefit of tube jejunostomy was in patients with mental health disorders (83.3%). Conclusion: Tube jejunostomy for nutritional support after pancreatoduodenectomy can be considered in patients with preoperative gastric outlet obstruction, serum albumin <3.0 gm/dl and mental health disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-167
Number of pages8
JournalPancreatology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gastric outlet obstruction
  • Hypoalbuminemia
  • Nutritional support
  • Pancreatoduodenectomy
  • Tube jejunostomy

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