Early diagnosis of cancer is a significant contributor to long-term survival and reduced cancer mortality. Success of a cancer screening program is dependent on there being a latent or early stage of the disease, an acceptable means of finding the cancer or precancerous condition early, and an acceptable treatment available that can demonstrably change the expected outcome. Finding cancers early can contribute to improved quality of cancer survivorship and reduce overall health system costs. When precancerous lesions can be identified and removed, screening also has the potential to lower the incidence of cancer. This issue of Public Health Research & Practice explores the performance of Australia’s cancer screening programs, and how screening may be improved or new approaches to screening developed in the future.
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- long-term survival
- cancer mortality
- cancer screening