Capture Zone of a Partially Penetrating Well with Skin Effects in Confined Aquifers

Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani, B Shafei, H Rashidian-Dezfouli, M Mohamadzadeh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    14 Citations (Scopus)


    The analysis of the capture zone of wells is useful to design pumping systems and wellhead protection programs. In this study, an analytical solution for the head distribution of a partially penetrating well, and semi-analytical methods to determine the geometry of the capture surface are presented. The analytical solution is derived based on an infinitesimal radius under a constant pumping rate in a two-zone confined aquifer. Using the developed solution, a sensitivity analysis is performed to study the influence of skin on the drawdown, location of the stagnation point, maximum horizontal and vertical extent of the capture surface. The results show the efficiency of a partially penetrating well in the plume removal process is different for positive and negative skins. Also it can be concluded, the skin effect will decrease as the degree of penetration and pumping discharge of the well increase. Generally, the thickness of the skin zone is an influential factor in well hydraulics and hydraulic head distribution. However, it can be seen where the skin zone is less than some specific values, the skin effect is not a significant factor, thus, the geometry of the capture surface can be obtained by assuming a single-zone aquifer. Moreover, the effects of different parameters (pumping rates, degree of penetration of the well, thickness of the skin zone, etc.) on the capture zone are studied.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)437-457
    Number of pages21
    JournalTransport in Porous Media
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012


    • Capture zone
    • Maximum horizontal extent
    • Maximum vertical extent
    • Pump and treat
    • Semi-analytical solution
    • Skin effect
    • Stagnation point


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