Carbon Nanotubes for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Munkhbayar Batmunkh, Mark Biggs, Joseph Shapter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    83 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    As one type of emerging photovoltaic cell, dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) are an attractive potential source of renewable energy due to their eco-friendliness, ease of fabrication, and cost effectiveness. However, in DSSCs, the rarity and high cost of some electrode materials (transparent conducting oxide and platinum) and the inefficient performance caused by slow electron transport, poor light-harvesting efficiency, and significant charge recombination are critical issues. Recent research has shown that carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are promising candidates to overcome these issues due to their unique electrical, optical, chemical, physical, as well as catalytic properties. This article provides a comprehensive review of the research that has focused on the application of CNTs and their hybrids in transparent conducting electrodes (TCEs), in semiconducting layers, and in counter electrodes of DSSCs. At the end of this review, some important research directions for the future use of CNTs in DSSCs are also provided.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2963-2989
    Number of pages27
    JournalSmall
    Volume11
    Issue number25
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015

    Keywords

    • carbon nanotubes
    • DSSCs
    • dye-sensitized solar cells
    • photovoltaic systems
    • transparent conducting electrodes

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  • Cite this

    Batmunkh, M., Biggs, M., & Shapter, J. (2015). Carbon Nanotubes for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Small, 11(25), 2963-2989. https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201403155