Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. However, mortality rates for coronary artery disease have decreased significantly in the last three decades and mainly in high-income countries. At the same time, and potentially driven by the aging population, multiple ‘modern’ risk factors such as obesity and diabetes mellitus have increased substantially. Cardiovascular disease prevention and rehabilitation is therefore crucial and defined as ‘a coordinated set of actions, at the population level or targeted at an individual, that are aimed at eliminating or minimising the impact of cardiovascular disease and related disabilities’.
Bibliographical note© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
- Cardiovascular disease
- Coronary artery disease
- Cardiovascular disease prevention
- Cardiovascular disease rehabilitation
- aging population