Objective: This scoping review will determine what causal theoretical frameworks have been used to examine veteran mental health help-seeking behavior. The review will also examine the causal factors proposed by these theoretical frameworks, and whether they account for the complex cultural, social, and affective experiences of veterans, which may drive both uptake or avoidance of mental health help-seeking.
Introduction: Some military veterans delay mental health help-seeking, preventing early intervention, creating poor long-term quality of life and functional outcomes, and increasing the likelihood of reaching crisis point before seeking help. There is a distinct lack of research utilizing causal motivational frameworks to explain veteran mental health help-seeking behavior (both engagement and avoidance). To date, no review has been conducted on motivational frameworks used to explain veteran help-seeking behavior. This scoping review will be the first to identify the motivational models that have been used to explain veteran mental health help-seeking, as well as table the proposed causal factors, and determine whether the models account for the cultural, social, and affective experiences of veterans.
Inclusion criteria: This scoping review will only consider studies on veteran cohorts. Studies in English that utilize or create an explanatory theory, model, or framework for veteran mental health help-seeking behavior will be included. Literature that focuses solely on intentions rather than behavior will be excluded.
Methods: Published and unpublished studies and gray literature will be included. Titles and abstracts will be screened, followed by full-text screening. Factors, theories, models, and frameworks used to explain veteran help-seeking behavior will be extracted, charted, and narratively summarized. The JBI methodology for scoping reviews will be used.
- mental health