Ceftriaxone for paediatric bacterial meningitis: A report of 62 children and a review of the literature

Jonathan C. Craig, George D.A. Abbott, Nina B. Mogridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM:

The purpose of this prospective study was to document the efficacy of ceftriaxone in the treatment of childhood bacterial meningitis in a general paediatric unit.
METHODS:

All children presenting with bacterial meningitis to Christchurch Hospital between January 1987 and June 1991 were enrolled in this prospective study and received ceftriaxone 100 mg/kg/d for seven days. Outcome was defined by parameters including mean time to fever defervescence, prolonged fever, days in hospital, seizures, and other acute neurological sequelae, requirement for ventilation, mortality and morbidity. Audiology was performed at six weeks and again at three months if abnormal. Neurodevelopmental assessment was performed at three months. Side effects were recorded.
RESULTS:

There were 62 evaluable children. The mortality rate was 4.8% (3 children). Two children (3.4%) had clinically detectable neurological sequelae at the three month assessment. The mean duration of stay was 8.7 nights. Five children (8%) required ventilation. Mild self limiting diarrhoea occurred in 29%.
CONCLUSIONS:

Ceftriaxone is an effective, safe and well tolerated antimicrobial for the treatment of childhood meningitis. It compares favourably with other equipotent antimicrobials. With a relatively long half life once daily administration is possible with a cost advantage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-444
Number of pages4
JournalNew Zealand Medical Journal
Volume105
Issue number945
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 1992
Externally publishedYes

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