Central Sleep Apnea due to a Medical Condition Not Cheyne–Stokes

Geoffrey Kehlmann, Danny Eckert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Central sleep apnea is characterized by insufficient drive to breathe during sleep and is associated with major comorbidity. There are many forms of central sleep apnea including the classic Cheyne-Stokes breathing pattern, which is relatively common in patients with advanced heart failure. This article focuses on the other forms of central sleep apnea that may occur in conjunction with various medical conditions including brain stem tumors/abnormalities, chronic pain/cancer/drug abuse, congenital central hypoventilation syndrome, insomnia, neuromuscular conditions, obesity hypoventilation syndrome, periodic leg movement disorder, renal failure, and stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of sleep.
PublisherElsevier
Pages244-252
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780123786111
ISBN (Print)9780123786104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apnea threshold
  • Arousal
  • Chemoreceptors
  • Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome
  • Control of breathing
  • Heart failure
  • Hypercapnia
  • Hypoxia
  • Neuromuscular disease
  • Obesity hypoventilation syndrome
  • Opioids
  • Pathophysiology
  • Renal failure
  • Sleep-disordered breathing
  • Stroke

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