Changes in surviving nerve fibers associated with submucosal arteries following extrinsic denervation of the small intestine

J. J. Galligan, M. Costa, J. B. Furness

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    43 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The neuropeptide content of nerve fibers associated with submucosal arteries in the small intestine of guinea pigs was studied in whole-mount preparations using immunohistochemical methods. Tissues were obtained from normal animals or animals in which the small intestine had been extrinsically denervated. In normal animals, submucosal arteries are innervated by extrinsic sensory nerve fibers which contain both substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide, and by sympathetic noradrenergic nerve fibers. In preparations obtained from animals 5-9 days after denervation, nerve fibers which contained substance P without detectable calcitonin gene-related peptide were associated with a few submucosal arteries. Nerve fibers which contained vasoactive intestinal peptide were also associated with some arteries. By 42-48 days after extrinsic denervation, substance P-containing fibers (without calcitonin gene-related peptide) and vasoactive intestinal peptide-containing fibers were associated with nearly every blood vessel. The extrinsic sympathetic nerve fibers did not regenerate during the course of this study. The nerve fibers associated with submucosal arteries in denervated tissues were not sensitive to capsaicin treatment. The alteration in the innervation of submucosal arterioles that follows extrinsic denervation of the gut may reflect either an increase in the neuropeptide content of the fibers, synthesis of a new peptide, or an increase in the number of fibers as a result of axonal sprouting.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)647-656
    Number of pages10
    JournalCell and Tissue Research
    Volume253
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 1988

    Keywords

    • Guinea pig
    • Immunohistochemistry
    • Neuropeptides
    • Small intestine
    • Vascular innervation

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