Characterization of Esophageal Motility in Children With Operated Esophageal Atresia Using High-resolution Impedance Manometry and Pressure Flow Analysis

Olivier Courbette, Taher Omari, Ann Aspirot, Christophe Faure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Esophageal dysmotility is common in patients with esophageal atresia (EA). High-resolution impedance manometry and pressure flow analysis (PFA) allow characterization of biomechanical events that drive bolus flow. The aims were to assess esophageal motility in children with EA, using PFA, and to test whether there is a correlation between PFA parameters and symptoms or endoscopic/histologic findings. METHODS: High-resolution impedance manometry was performed in 16 children with EA (median age 11 years), compared with 13 patient controls (median age 14 years; P = NS vs patients). Wet swallows were analyzed using PFA. Medical charts were reviewed for symptoms and pathology results of the attendant esophagoscopy. Patients with EA were arbitrarily subgrouped according to their motility pattern: group A with presence of distal contraction in ≥50% of the swallows and group B with presence of distal contractions in <50% of the swallows. RESULTS: Esophageal peristaltic motor patterns were abnormal in all patients with EA. Bolus transport was impaired as shown by the higher impedance ratio in EA than in controls (0.47 vs 0.22; P < 0.001). Impedance ratio was also higher in group B (n = 8) versus group A (n = 8) (P < 0.001). Symptoms of dysphagia were not correlated with the PFA measures. Contractile segment impedance, a marker of mucosal integrity, was significantly lower in the EA group. CONCLUSIONS: Bolus transport was severely altered in patients with EA but was not predictive of symptoms. The presence of residual distal contractions is associated with a more efficient bolus propulsion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-309
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume71
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • dysphagia
  • esophageal atresia
  • high-resolution impedance manometry
  • pressure flow analysis
  • children

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Characterization of Esophageal Motility in Children With Operated Esophageal Atresia Using High-resolution Impedance Manometry and Pressure Flow Analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this