Chinese diaspora caregivers’ experiences in dementia care in high-income countries: A systematic review

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Background: Chinese diaspora caregivers in high-income countries make up a large proportion of the ethnic population and usually experience significant challenges in the care of their family members with dementia. 

Aim: The aims of this systematic review were to gain deep insights into Chinese diaspora caregivers’ experiences and factors contributing to their experiences in the care of family members living with dementia in high-income countries. 

Methods: The Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) meta-aggregative approach to qualitative studies was applied to this systematic review. The review also followed the PRISMA guidelines and was informed by the Life Course Theory. Six English databases were searched between August 2020 and September 2020. 

Results: In total, 330 articles were screened and 16 were included in the review. The number of caregivers included in these studies was 365 across four countries. Four synthesised findings with sub-themes were identified from studies reviewed. These synthesised findings were described as: (1) motivations to take on the caregiving role; (2) receiving limited dementia care education; (3) factors affecting access and use of care services; and (4) experiencing multifaced challenges. 

Conclusion: Dementia care policies need to address disparities between caregiver support for the mainstream group and Chinese diaspora caregivers. Dementia education and care services need to consider the positive impact that filial piety and Confucianism have on Chinese diaspora caregivers and empower them to use their strengths. Dementia care services need to be culturally adapted to meet this care group’s needs, preferences and expectations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1115-1137
Number of pages23
Issue number5
Early online date18 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • Chinese diaspora
  • dementia
  • experience
  • family caregiver
  • systematic review


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