Chitogel following endoscopic sinus surgery promotes a healthy microbiome and reduces postoperative infections

Anna Megow, Yazeed Alsuliman, George Bouras, Martha Menberu, Erich Vyskocil, Sarah Vreugde, Peter John Wormald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
53 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Postoperative infections following endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) impair wound healing and lead to poor outcomes. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of Chitogel to reduce postoperative infections and restore a healthy microbiome following ESS. Methods: In this double-blinded randomized control trial, 25 patients undergoing ESS were prospectively recruited. At the end of surgery, patients were randomized to receive Chitogel to one side of the sinuses (allowing the other side to serve as control). Patients underwent routine follow-up with nasoendoscopies performed at 2, 6, and 12 weeks postoperatively. Sinus ostial measurements, microbiology, and microbiome swabs from bilateral sides were collected intraoperatively and at 12 weeks postoperatively. Additional swabs were collected if infection was present. Results: Improved endoscopic appearance of the sinuses (p = 0.03) and ostial patency were noted on the Chitogel side compared with control at 12 weeks (p < 0.001). A significant decrease in infections on the Chitogel side (12.0%) compared with control (52.0%) (p = 0.005) was evident. Following the use of Chitogel, there was a significant increase in the combined relative abundance of commensals Corynebacterium and Cutibacterium (Propionibacterium) from 30.15% at baseline to 46.62% at 12 weeks compared with control (47.18% to 40.79%) (p.adj = 0.01). Conclusion: Chitogel significantly improved both the nasoendoscopic appearance of the sinuses and sinus ostial patency at 12 weeks postoperatively. Chitogel used following ESS helps restore an improved microbiome resulting in an increase in the relative abundance of commensals Corynebacterium and Cutibacterium (Propionibacterium). A significant decrease in postoperative infections was noted following use of Chitogel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1362-1376
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • bacteriology
  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • endoscopic sinus surgery
  • postoperative
  • topical therapy for chronic rhinosinusitis

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