Chronic kidney disease and sleep apnea association of kidney disease with obstructive sleep apnea in a population study of men

Robert Adams, Sarah Appleton, Andrew Vakulin, Patrick Hanly, Stephen McDonald, Sean Martin, Carol Lang, Anne Taylor, Ronald McEvoy, Nicholas Antic, Peter Catcheside, Andrew Vincent, Gary Wittert

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    41 Citations (Scopus)


    Study Objectives: To determine the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Previous population studies of the association are sparse, conflicting and confined largely to studies of administrative data. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis in unselected participants of the Men Androgens Inflammation Lifestyle Environment and Stress (MAILES) study, aged >40 years. Renal data were available for 812 men without a prior OSA diagnosis who underwent full in-home polysomnography (Embletta X100) in 2010-2011. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (EGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73m2 or EGFR≥60 and albuminuria (albumin-creatinine ratio ≥3.0 mg/mmol). Results: CKD (10.5%, n = 85 [Stage 1-3, 9.7%; Stage 4-5, 0.7%]) of predominantly mild severity showed significant associations with OSA (apnea-hypoapnea index [AHI] ≥ 10): odds ratio (OR) = 1.9, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.02-3.5; severe OSA (AHI ≥ 30/h): OR = 2.6, 95% CI: 1.1-6.2; and respiratory-related arousal index: ≥7.6/h, OR = 2.3, 95%CI: 1.1-4.7; but not measures of hypoxemia after adjustment for age, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, obesity, and NSAID use. There was no association of CKD with daytime sleepiness. In men with CKD, those with OSA were not significantly more likely to report symptoms (sleepiness, snoring, and apneas) or be identified with the STOP OSA screening questionnaire, compared to men without OSA. Conclusions: Predominantly mild CKD is associated with severe OSA and arousals. Further population studies examining the longitudinal relationship between CKD and OSA are warranted. Better methods are needed to identify OSA in CKD which may have few symptoms.

    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages9
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


    • Chronic kidney disease
    • Cohort study
    • Epidemiology
    • Men
    • Obstructive sleep apnea


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